Continuing Education


Continuing Education & Equivalency Programme

The programmes carried out through the Continuing Education centres are identified by the NLM as falling within the following categories.

1. Equivalency Programme

2. Income Generating Programmes

3. Quality of life improvement programmes and

4. Individual Interest Promotion Programmes

All except the Equivalency Programme depend to a large extent on the local resources and hence are unlimited in variety and scope. They also defy systematisation and centralisation.

The Equivalency Programme stands apart as the only one which has an academic and educational content needing a curriculam which limits its content by compartmentlising it into courses, a systematic structure, and a centralised approach.

Equivalency Programme

The Equivalency Programme has been defined by National Literacy Mission as an alterate educational programme equivalent to the existing formal, general or vocational education.

Equivalency Programme under the Continuing Education Programme of the KSLMA was inaugurated on January 26, 2000 and the classes started from February 99. This programme is being carried out under the supervision of the local panchayath Saksharatha Samithies. On an experimental basis, in the first year, 15 NCE/CE centres were chosen in each district for the purpose. The classes were co-ordinated by the Preraks with the help of the Ward Saksharatha Samithies.

Target Group

The target group was the people above the age of 15 were either the products of the TLC/PLC or dropouts from the formal sytem. They were to possess a level of competency equivalent to that of the Class 2 of the formal system to gain entry into the programme.

Courses offered

Initially the centres offered a level I course equivalent to class 3 and 4 of the formal system. Subsequently level 2 & level 3 courses will be offered for passing standards 7 and 10.


The duration of the course of level I was 300 hours of which 200 hours were be contact hours. The approach was interactive and life related.


The curriculam for level I included four subjects, namely, Mother tongue, Basic Mathematics, Environmental Studies and a Vocational Subject.

Exam And Results

Evaluation and Certification

It was planned to conduct internal assessment as well as a final external evaluation of the course. Response sheets were given to the learners based on which internal assessment took place. The total marks out of 400 for the four subjects qualified or disqualified a learner. The KSLMA gave the certificate for the learner who passed Level I as being equivalent to having the level of the 4th standard of the formal system.

From this year onwards English as a Second Language is also introduced in the carriculam for Standard IV and the learners for 7th standard have been recruited for the first time in the country. For this second phase of Equivalency, English, Malayalam and Hindi are the languages identified. Maths, Science, Social Studies are the other subjects along with practical skill in one or two vocations.

A state level core team has been formed to plan and implement the equivalency programme in the state. KSLMA has so far completed the preparation of text books and hand books for Standard IV and Standard VII and has conducted State Level Training of Equivalency Key Resource Persons (ERPs) and Instructors in all the districts.


Income Generating Programmes

Illiteracy is intrinsically linked with poverty. Therefore, any programme that aims at removal of illiteracy, should harp on poverty eradication too. Since low income is the basic cause of poverty, income generating activities are to be made part of the CE Programme. Formation of Self Help Groups, thrift and credit operation and microcredit come under the purview of this activity.

Quality of life improvement Programmes

Quality of life refers to the level of well being of the society and the degree of satisfaction of the number of human needs. Quality of life improvement programmes aims to equip learners and the community with that essential knowledge, attitudes, values and skills which enable them to improve the quality of life as individuals and as members of the community.

Individual Interest Promotion Programmes (IIPPs)

The objective of the individual interest promotion programmes is to provide individuals the opportunity to participate in social, cultural, spiritual, health, physical and artistic interest of their choice. Activities under IIPP's can be identified as those that are largely meant for spending leisure time, especially hobbies.

In addition to the above, literacy classes are also organised to remove residual illiteracy. Asst. Preraks are specially appointed for this purpose.


Kerala State Literacy Mission Authority,
TC 27/1461
Convent Road, Kammattom Lane
Vanchiyoor, Tvpm- 695035
Phone : 0471 - 2472253, 2472254
Fax      : 0471 - 2462252
E-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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